Hard deposits on the teeth are called calculus or tartar.
Often green, yellow or brown in colour, these deposits are found in abundance on the inner side of lower front teeth and other areas of the teeth.
They accumulate large amounts of bacteria that cause gum diseases and also result in foul breath.
These deposits cannot be brushed off as they bind tightly to the teeth surfaces making it impossible to remove them with a brush. They can only be removed by a professional cleaning procedure.
The procedure of removing these deposits is called scaling.
Removal of these deposits enhances fresh breath, ensures clean tooth surfaces and prevents gum diseases which are a leading cause of tooth loss among adults.
Gum diseases may present with a variety of symptoms including foul breath, bleeding gums, painful gums, swollen gums and loose teeth.
If untreated, gum disease results in damage of the bone supporting the teeth with ultimate loss of the teeth involved.
Gum diseases have also been shown to contribute to other medical diseases like diabetes, heart diseases and low birth weight among mothers who have gum diseases.
Routine scaling is recommended. Scaling should be done every three months up to once a year depending on one’s predisposition to forming calculus and gum diseases risk.